A number of developmental growth abnormalities can occur such as achondroplasia, the most common dwarfism, which is the result of a genetic mutation. There are a number of other skeletal dysplasias that are less common, but may also be associated with scoliosis or kyphosis. Patients with these conditions present a special set of circumstances. For example, some patients have very small spinal canals that may require decompression, or laminectomy to remove pressure on the spinal nerve roots or spinal cord. Others have instability of the cervical spine, requiring a stabilizing fusion in the neck.
This is an active 16-year old basketball player with kyphomelic dysplasia, which was associated with a 60° curvature. He had a family history of idiopathic scoliosis. Dr. Lonner performed spinal fusion to correct Anthony’s deformity. Anthony has done extremely well post operatively and has been able to return to basketball, a sport he loves so much. He has also noted that his game has in fact improved since prior to surgery!